Seventy-year-old legislation is still driving performance. The Statistics of Trade Act 1947 (A1947 . c39) empowers the Office for National Statistics (ONS) to carry out business surveys. https://www.ons.gov.uk/surveys/informationforbusinesses/aboutonsbusinesssurveys. Examples of information gathered under the provisions of the Act are The Low Carbon and Renewable Energy Survey and The Survey of Research and Development Carried Out in the United Kingdom. Failure to comply with a request for information from the ONS could lead to prosecution at a Magistrates Court with a fine up to a maximum of £2,500.