In the News

20th September 2019

Second edition of guidance book on hand-arm vibration published.

HSE has published the second edition Guidance Book L140, Hand-arm vibration. The new edition has been updated in keeping with changes to related legislation, technical advances and experience. The emphasis is on the control and management of risks from exposure to hand-arm vibration (HAV). HSE has also made updates to the hand-arm vibration (HAV) exposure calculator.

14th August 2019

HSE issue safety notice with respect to water hammer

HSE has issued a safety notice to remind operators about condensate induced water hammer, and their responsibilities in terms of the maintenance and operation of steam systems. Three people were injured following a release of steam on a nuclear site. Investigations are ongoing, but early indications suggest a failure in the pressure boundary of the steam system, potentially caused by a water hammer event.

Water hammer is a known vulnerability in steam systems, and is sometimes referred to as ‘Condensate Induced Water Hammer’. It most commonly occurs when steam is introduced into cold pipe-work that has not been sufficiently drained. As the steam cools, it turns into condensate which takes up less volume in the pipework than the steam. This produces a vacuum or pocket into which the water rapidly flows, creating an impact against the pipework.

Operators should remind themselves about this phenomenon in steam systems and ensure suitable measures are taken to prevent the occurrence of such events, including the appropriate operation and maintenance of such systems on their sites. HSE recommend that the five-point action plan detailed in the Safety Assessment Federation (SAFed) factsheet; “potential hazards created by water hammer in steam systems” is considered.



8th July 2019


HSE Publishes INDG480. Hand-arm vibration in amenity horticulture and how to control the risk.  Published 15th May.  Hand-arm vibration is vibration transmitted into workers’ hands and arms, for example by hand-held and guided power tools, such as hedge trimmers and powered mowers. Regular and frequent exposure to hand-arm vibration can lead to permanent ill health. The two main health conditions associated with hand-arm vibration exposure are hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) and carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). The guidance will help employers to identify when exposure may cause harm, understand how to comply with the Control of Vibration at Work Regulations 2005 and take practical steps to control the vibration risk.